More than 400 state jobs will be cut to make the state budget balance, Gov. Tom Vilsack said Thursday.
The cuts will come through early retirements, leaving vacant positions unfilled and layoffs.
Vilsack estimated that 284 workers are eligible for early retirement but not all may take advantage of the offering.
He said it was immediately unclear how many workers will need to be laid off.
The job cuts will not affect the state universities but nearly all other agencies will see reductions.
"Department directors will have to manage increased costs in utilities, prescription drugs, and other contractual obligations, so there will not be sufficient resources to maintain current levels of staffing and service," Vilsack said. "Department directors will have the entire fiscal year to manage their staffing levels to continue to provide essential services."
Including those announced Thursday, Vilsack said 1,975 jobs have been cut since July 1, 2001, or about 10 percent of the total work force excluding state universities.
Those numbers prove how hard state agencies have worked to improve efficiency and maintain services while reducing worker numbers, he said.
Vilsack has told lawmakers for months that the state needed additional tax revenue to maintain the current level of services.